Northern Mexican (Norteña) music is a current global phenomenon associated with northern Mexico and southern United States. Transnationalism is considered here as an economic-migratory approach that allows to address the northern Mexican music from the social sciences perspective. Northern Mexican music is a musical practice that is popular in Latin American nations such as Chile, Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia; it is a transnational and cosmopolitan event. Based on authors such as Turino, Landolt and Blanco, northern Mexican music is explained from transnationalism and the theory of dependence by Faletto and Cardoso. The text was constructed from archive research and fieldwork conducted in the cities of Monterrey, Guanajuato, Irapuato, Salamanca and Culiacán. This article contributes to the study of Latin American popular music and traditional Mexican music.