Cyberbullying as an associated factor to psychological distress and suicidal ideation in Mexican schooled adolescents

Abstract

The aim of this article is to examine the influence of cyberbullying behavior on psychological distress and suicidal ideation in terms of gender, in Mexican school-age adolescents attending junior high school. Participants were 1676 adolescents, 53.9% women and 46.1% men, aged between 12 and 17 years (M = 13.65, SD = 1.14), selected through a proportional stratified sampling. 90.74% of adolescents are not cyberbullies and only 9.26% are cyberbullies. A higher prevalence of psychological distress and suicidal ideation was reported in both sexes when cyberbullying behaviors were manifested; however, overall women presented higher means of suicidal ideation and psychological distress. In conclusion, significant differences were observed in suicidal ideation and psychological distress in accordance with sex, as well as the degree of participation in cyberbullying behavior.

https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2019.2295
PDF (Español (España))

References

Alcántar, C., & Tánori, J. (2016). Manejo de la vergüenza de estudiantes de bachillerato con y sin reportes de ciberbullying hacia pares. En La Violencia Escolar en Mexico.

Bannink, R., Broeren, S., van de Looij-Jansen, P. M., de Waart, F. G., & Raat, H. (2014). Cyber and traditional bullying victimization as a risk factor for mental health problems and suicidal ideation in adolescents. PloS One, 9(4), e94026. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094

Buelga. (2013). El cyberbullying: cuando la red no es un lugar seguro. In E Estévez, Los problemas en la adolescencia: respuestas y sugerencias para padres y profesionales. Madrid: Síntesis.

González-Fortaleza, C. , Lira, L. R., Gutiérrez, M. Á. C., & Echeagarray, F. A. W. (2003). Correlatos psicosociales de depresión, ideación e intento suicida en adolescentes mexicanos. Psicothema, 15(Número 4), 524–532.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research, 14(3), 206–221. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2010.494133

Kowalski, R. M., Giumetti, G. W., Schroeder, A. N., & Lattanner, M. R. (2014). Bullying in the digital age: a critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1073–1137. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035618