Volatile compounds of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) were extracted with solid phase microextraction(SPME) and analyzed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). TwoSPME fiber coatings, Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB, 65 μm) and Carbowax/Divinylbenzene (CW/DVB, 65 μm) were evaluated in order to compare the extraction ofcomponents. Among the 25 volatile compounds detected were phenylpropanoids, monoterpenes,sesquiterpenes, esters, and aldehydes. There were significant (P < 0,05) differencesbetween the two analyzed fibers: with CW/DVB fiber is apparently superior with respect tothe number of components isolated as well as the total concentration of compounds. Quantitatively,the most important component was methyl cinnamate, followed by linalool.