Analysis of surface modification of carbon nanotubes under different oxidation treatments
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Keywords

Carbon nanotubes
oxidation
structure
microwaves.

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes oxidation has attracted the interest of researchers, because in addition to eliminating impurities, it increases the dispersion of aggregates creating new interac­tions between materials. In this work, carbon nanotubes (CNT) were treated using two dif­ferent oxidation methods to determine the effects of each treatment on the surface area of the material. The following methods were used: the traditional chemical treatment (using strong acids) and a treatment supported by microwaves. Results showed that both treat­ments reduced the surface area (traditional CNT < microwaves CNT < non-treated CNT). By using microwaves, oxidation time was shortened, greater concentration of carboxylic func­tional groups was obtained and damage to the structure diminished, resulting in oxidized nanotubes with improved structural characteristics.
https://doi.org/10.15174/au.2013.392
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